Midwest Social Sciences Journal


The current study examined the trends in depression and emotion regulation for students (n = 899) at one university in the Midwest United States from prior to the COVID-19 pandemic (Fall 2019) through the Spring 2022 semester. An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted, controlling for difficulties in emotion regulation and gender identity. The ANCOVA indicated that depression was significantly lower in Fall 2019 than in the remaining five semesters under investigation. Results of these analyses appear to indicate that depression rose significantly in students after the onset of the pandemic and implementation of social restrictions. This negative effect appears to have had a lasting impact and the pandemic appears to have had deleterious effects on mental health regardless of emotion regulation abilities and/or gender identity. Limitations and implications for researchers, clinicians, and professionals in higher education will be discussed.