Landrum, Gardner, and Boje apply a Model for Integral Strategy which uses internal, competitive, and external tiers of strategic planning to combine economic, social, and environmental organizational imperatives with values, social responsibility, and sustainability. Their approach seeks to balance short-term with long-term objectives and economic with non-economic concerns all while addressing the sustainability challenges facing organizations today.
Landrum, Nancy E.; Gardner, Carolyn L.; and Boje, David M.
"A Values-Based and Integral Perspective of Strategic Management,"
The Journal of Values-Based Leadership: Vol. 6
, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jvbl/vol6/iss1/9