Diabetes mellitus is a complex and widespread metabolic disease, having extremely complex implications (biological, psychological, social) for patients. Understanding the pathophysiology of diabetes (majorly influenced by various factors such as genetic predisposition, age, lifestyle choices, etc.) is essential for the prevention of this condition and the establishment of effective treatment strategies. The latest and relevant literature data related to the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of diabetes are presented, after an exhaustive review of the articles published on this topic and indexed in the WOS, PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar databases. Preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes can be achieved in some patients with type 2 diabetes. After onset, treatment of diabetes is complex, involving a comprehensive approach (pharmacological interventions, lifestyle changes, surgical interventions in selected cases, as well as psychological support), depending on the stage of the disease and possible associated complications. Finally, diabetes is often asymptomatic in the initial stages, so an early diagnosis remains the essential element for the best subsequent therapeutic control.
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Socea, Bogdan; Silaghi, Adrian; Rebegea, Laura Florentina; Balan, Daniela Gabriela; Balalau, Cristian; Tenea-Cojan, Tiberiu Ștefăniță; Mihai, Doina Andrada; and Paunica, Ioana
"Diabetes mellitus: interdisciplinary medical, surgical and psychological therapeutic approach,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 10:
2, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol10/iss2/6