Vesicants are compounds that cause severe toxic effects on various tissues. Such chemical action causes tissue necrosis, with clinical expression of skin lesions with a burning character and characteristic blisters. Clinical toxic effects of cutaneous vesicles are correlated with the absorbed dose and exposure time. The goals of the study are to evaluate in vitro the skin toxicity produced by the vesicant chemical compound 2-chloroethyl-ethyl sulfide (CEES), to develop a complex antidote formula, and to optimize the therapeutic efficacy by inclusion in controlled release systems. The experimental protocol aims at the in vitro evaluation of the cytotoxicity of the vesicant compound CEES and of the optimized complex antidote, using the MTT cell viability test. Optimization of the complex antidote formula was achieved by developing and in vitro and in vivo testing of a fixed combination of active substances with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, formulated as a solution with cutaneous administration. In vitro cytotoxicity tests on fibroblast cultures revealed the protective effect of the newly developed antidote solution, specifically a dose-related effect in the case of vesicant exposure.
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Secara, Cristina Anca; Cinteza, Otilia Liudmila; Popescu, Diana; Popa, Claudia Valentina; Hirjeu, Camelia Andreea; Voinea, Oana Cristina; Serbanescu, Luiza Georgia; Pauna, Andreea Marilena; and Tudosie, Mihail
"Innovative therapeutic approach to chemical burns produced by vesicants; an experimental study,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 9:
2, Article 12.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol9/iss2/12
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