Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition among women. Approximately 50% of them had an involuntary loss of urine at least once in their lifetime. It can be present during sexual activity, contributing to sexual dysfunction and often associated with anxiety or even depression, thus having a negative impact on the quality of life. The incidence of UI is related to the existence of predisposing factors. The best known are: age, weight, family history, race/ ethnicity, number of pregnancies and mode of birth, history of genitourinary interventions and factors related to ordinary habits: smoking, caffeine consumption, oral contraceptives. Studies on middle-aged women have revealed that BMI, parity, age, hysterectomy, smoking, race/ ethnicity and diabetes are factors often associated with urinary incontinence. Future studies are needed to further explore the risk factors for urinary incontinence.
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Balalau, Denisa Oana; Olaru, Octavian Gabriel; Bacalbasa, Nicolae; Paunica, Stana; Balan, Daniela Gabriela; and Stanescu, Anca Daniela
"The analysis of risk factors associated with women's urinary incontinence; literature review,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 8
, Article 8.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol8/iss1/8