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DOI

10.22543/7674.81.P2733

Abstract

Pregnancy is a particular period of time for a woman, so that it is important to accurately determine the impact of adjacent pathologies on the natural evolution of the nine months of pregnancy. Although there is still much to debate on the association between periodontal disease and pregnancy, the conclusion seems to remain the same: untreated periodontal pathology in pregnancy could have adverse consequences such as premature birth or low birth weight fetuses. Periodontopathies are introduced as risk factors, the novelty of the subject being the association between untreated periodontal pathology and the evolution of pregnancy. The affected periodontal tissue has the potential of releasing microorganisms that could colonize the placenta, ultimately having adverse consequences on the evolution of pregnancy, consequences such as premature birth or inadequate birth weight. The purpose of this review is to assess the association between periodontal disease and the negative consequences on pregnancy. Using databases such as PubMed, more than 1,500 articles were screened, including systematic reviews, case-control studies and prospective cohort studies assessing the association between periodontitis and pregnancy. Only 54 from the abovementioned papers were included in the final review.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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