Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), characterized by airflow cessation (apnea) or reduction (hypopnea) due to repeated pharyngeal obstructions during sleep, causes frequent disruption of sleep and hypoxic events. The condition is linked to many adverse health related consequences, such as neurocognitive and cardiovascular disorders, and metabolic syndrome. OSA is a chronic condition requiring long-term treatment, so treatment using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has become the gold standard in cases of moderate or severe OSA. However, its effectiveness is influenced by patients’ adherence. Surgery for OSA or treatment with oral appliances can be successful in selected patients, but for the majority, lifestyle changes such as exercise and dietary control may prove useful. However, exercise training remains under-utilized by many clinicians as an alternative treatment for OSA. Other interventions such as oral appliance (OA), upper way stimulation, and oropharyngeal exercises are used in OSA. Because the benefit of all these techniques is heterogeneous, the major challenge is to associate specific OSA therapies with the maximum efficacy and the best patient compliance.
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Budin, Corina E.; Ciumarnean, Lorena; Maierean, Anca; Rajnovean, Ruxandra; Gergely, Bianca D.; Man, Milena; Aluas, Maria; Cozma, Angela; and Bordea, Roxana I.
"Therapeutic alternatives with CPAP in obstructive sleep apnea,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 6
, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol6/iss2/2