Background: the evaluation of cartilage thickness has become possible with new techniques such as musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imagining (MRI), making the evaluation of the treatment response and the progression of the disease more accurate. Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of a Symptomatic Slow Acting Drug for Osteoarthritis using both US and MRI for measuring cartilage thickness at baseline and after 1 year. Methods: The study included the clinical evaluation of 20 patients at baseline, at 6 and 12 months as well as imaging exams (US and MRI) at baseline and after 1 year. Measurements were performed in both knees, in lateral and medial condyles, and in the intercondylar area. After the baseline visit, patients underwent a SYSADOA treatment which included Harpagophytum procumbens (HPc) administered on a daily basis, in a specific regimen. Results and discussions: The US examination permitted the detailed evaluation of the femoral hyaline cartilage thickness, with statistically significant differences before and after treatment at the level of the medial compartment, both in the dominant (1.59±0.49 vs. 1.68±0.49, p=0.0013) and non-dominant knee (1.73±0.53 vs. 1.79±0.52, p=0.0106). The US and the MRI correlated well (r=0.63) and showed no radiographic progression in knee osteoarthritis after one year of treatment with specific SYSADOA. Moreover, the US showed improvement in the cartilage thickness of the medial compartment. Conclusions: The combination with HPc could increase the delay in the radiographic progression of the knee osteoarthritis, with improvement of femoral hyaline cartilage thickness in the medial and lateral compartment. The US might be an important tool in OA evaluation and monitoring.
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Vreju, Florentin Ananu; Ciurea, Paulina Lucia; Rosu, Anca; Chisalau, Beatrice Andreea; Parvanescu, Cristina Dorina; Firulescu, Sineta Cristina; Turcu Stiolica, Adina; Barbulescu, Andreea Lili; Dinescu, Stefan Cristian; Dumitrescu, Cristiana Iulia; Dumitrascu, Roxana Mihaela; Criveanu, Cristina; Radu, Lucretiu; Tusaliu, Mihai; and Dumitrescu, Daniela
"The effect of glucosamine, chondroitin and harpagophytum procumbens on femoral hyaline cartilage thickness in patients with knee osteoarthritis– An MRI versus ultrasonography study,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 6:
1, Article 25.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol6/iss1/25