Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic, immunologically mediated disease, defined by periods of exacerbation and quiescence. The disease is associated with a low mortality risk, but in some instances, morbidity can be important, especially in extensive, erosive forms, with a significant impact on the quality of life. OLP is a chronic T-cell mediated inflammatory disease involving the oral cavity, the most common lesions being located on the oral mucosa, tongue and gums. Its etiology remains in part unknown, but several factors proved to be involved in the development of the disease (drugs, dental materials, infectious agents, psychological factors, autoimmunity and genetic predisposition). The therapeutic approach should take into account the type of lesion and the extent of the disease, as well as the possible adverse effects. Although several therapies are available, OLP treatment still remains a challenge. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely used in dermatology, finding applicability in the treatment of an increasing number of conditions. Recent research has shown the role of PDT in the treatment of OLP. It is a minimally invasive therapy with few side effects and promising results.
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Tocut, Sandra Milena; Mitran, Madalina Irina; Mitran, Cristina Iulia; Tampa, Mircea; Sarbu, Maria Isabela; Popa, Gabriela Loredana; and Georgescu, Simona Roxana
"Photodynamic therapy as a new therapeutic approach of oral lichen planus,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 6
, Article 12.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol6/iss1/12