Vulvar cancer is a malignant disease having a low frequency and with well-established surgical and oncological treatments based on the stage of the disease. The most important therapeutic problem encountered is represented by cases of perineal local regional recurrence, which are common in patients with large primary tumors and can occur even if the margins of the resection had no tumoral invasion.
We present a case study of a 64-year-old patient diagnosed one year ago with squamous vulvar carcinoma (G3) for which a vulvectomy was performed after neoadjuvant radiotherapy. The patient later developed local recurrence with invasion of the anal sphincter, creating a delicate problem regarding a surgical approach. The size and the extent of the recurrent tumor required a complex surgical intervention using a mixed surgical team of general surgeons and plastic surgeons. Surgical intervention with a large excision of the recurrent cancer along with amputation of the inferior rectum via perineal route, and creation of a left iliac anus was performed. The perineal defect was covered via a musculocutaneous flap using the gracilis muscle. The immediate post-operative evolution was favorable.
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Popa, Dragoș; Obleagă, Cosmin V.; Paitici, Ștefan; Mogoanta, Stelian Ș.; Vîlcea, Ionică D.; Pourgolafshan, Pouya; Gheorghe, Cristian; Vasile, Manuela I.; Câmpeanu, Raluca; and Mirea, Cecil S.
"Recurrent vulvar carcinoma: complex surgical treatment via perineal excision and reconstruction with musculocutaneous flap,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 5
, Article 20.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol5/iss1/20