Final Manuscript Preparation Guidelines for Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

1. Article Formatting Requirements

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences takes into consideration a wider range of articles such as: Editorials, Research articles, Case presentations, Reviews, Letters to the editor, Specific articles (educational articles, comments on the social, political and economical factors affecting health). During submission process, authors will be asked to indicate the corresponding category of the article. For details related to structure and content of the paper, please see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (ICMJE), and the internationally accepted ethical standards for publication (COPE). In addition, contributors have the possibility to consider the previous published papers, to see how an article is presented according to its category.

Usually, any submitted article should be structured as below:

  • Title page

    It is the first page of the paper, and must include: a full title of the article (limited to a maximum 150 characters, including spaces), a short/ running title (limited to a maximum 50 characters, including spaces), the full authors names (first name, middle name, last/ family name) in order that they appear on the article, academic degrees, affiliations (institution, department), and e-mails. The corresponding author must be underlined, including in addition telephone and fax numbers, complete postal address and zip code.

  • Abstract

    It is the second page of the paper, and presents the summary that should be limited to a maximum 1000 characters (including spaces). Abstract must be structured as the main text for original research articles (objective, methods and results, conclusions), or as a standard summary for the other category of articles (original research article, case presentation, etc.). Note that the abstract should not contain abbreviations or reference citations. The second page must contain below abstract: the type of article (review, original research article, etc.), the word count of the Main text, up to six Key-words, and 2-3 Highlights that provide readers a general overview of the main findings/ topics and perspectives of the article.

  • Introduction

    It begins on the third page, being a brief background related to the actual stage of the matter, stating the aims, purposes and the reasons for accomplishing the work.

  • Materials and Methods

    This section contain essential data to facilitate understanding of methodology in the case of research articles (the recruitment criteria of patients, administered treatment, the pursued clinical data, or describing information of the animal lot for experimental studies). The previously published procedures are only cited; essential changes to the previously published procedures are just briefly described, while the new procedure must be disclosed in detail. Statistic methods and laboratory measurements used must also be specified.

  • Results

    Results of research articles must be presented with clarity and precision, just describing the findings of the study, presented either in the form of text or illustrated (through tables and figures). Interpretation of results will not be included in Results section because it must be placed within Discussion.

  • Discussion

    It is a section that debates and interprets the results obtained/ presented by research articles (taking into account also the corresponding/ contextual literature data), or continues Introduction expanding it or focusing on specific aspects, depending the article type. New perspectives/ approaches (supported by the study results or by literature data) should be highlighted, while unsubstantiated assertions must be restricted; the study limitations must also be presented. Discussion can be structured on subsections, in order to facilitate understanding.

  • Conclusions

    It should usually present the significance and possible implications of the data presented in the Results section (if any) and/ or Discussions.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations

    When used in the Main text, they should be limited as much as possible and explained/ expanded after Conclusions. Measurement units should be in accordance with International System of Units (SI).

  • Acknowledgements

    If the case, this refers to those persons who contributed or assisted to the study or manuscript, but who do not met the authorship criteria.

  • References

    It is the author's obligation to provide at the end of the paper complete information related to citations used within the text. Within the text, all citations must be numbered consecutively in order they appear, and indicated through Arabic numerals inside of round parentheses, e.g. (1, 2). Each source quoted in the text must be found in the Reference list, and vice versa. Reference list must be placed at the end of the paper (after Acknowledgements). Please insert a line break—not a page break—and begin your Reference list on the same page, if possible. References should have margins that are both left and right- justified. You may choose not to right-justify the margin of one or more references if the spacing looks too awkward. In the Reference list citations must be presented as below:

    Articles in traditional journals:

    Required: Author's (authors') name(s), title of article, name of journal (in italics, and abbreviated according to international style- Index Medicus), year of publication (or "n.d." if no date), volume number, issue number, page numbers. Optional (but desirable): A hyperlink to the article.
    Example: John LS, Antony AH, Burden D. Medical procedures today. JMMS. 2014, 34(2): 45- 51.


    Required: Author's (authors') name(s), title of book, publisher, publisher's address, edition/ year of publication (or "n.d." if no date). For forthcoming (in press) books, put expected year of publication and add "forthcoming."

    Chapters in collections or anthologies

    Required: Name(s) of author(s) of chapter, name(s) of editor(s) of book, title of chapter, title of book, publisher, publisher's address, and edition/ year of publication (or "n.d." if no date). For forthcoming (in press) books, put expected year of publication and add "forthcoming."

    Working papers:

    Required: Author's (authors') name(s), title of working paper, year (or "n.d." if no date), location (e.g., "Department of Economics Working Paper, University of California, Berkeley" or "Author's web site: http://www.someurl.edu/author." If the working paper is part of series, then the series name and the number of the working paper within the series must also be given.

    Other works:

    Required: Author's (authors') name(s), title of work, year (or "n.d." if no date), and information about how the reader could obtain a copy.

2. Text Formatting Requirements

Please see below details on typesetting and layout requirements pertaining to final manuscript submission to Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences.

  • Write your article in English.
  • Submit your manuscript as a single word document, including tables, figures, appendices, etc.
  • Page size should be 8.5 x 11-inches. All margins (left, right, top and bottom) should be 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), including your tables and figures.
  • Single space your text.
  • Use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified.
  • Font:
    1. Main Body—12 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
    2. Footnotes—10 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
  • If figures are included, use high-resolution figures, preferably encoded as encapsulated PostScript (eps).
  • Copyedit your manuscript.
  • When possible, there should be no pages where more than a quarter of the page is empty space.

3. Additional Recommendations

Indenting, Line Spacing, and Justification

Indent all paragraphs except those following a section heading. An indent should be at least 2 em-spaces. Do not insert extra space between paragraphs of text with the exception of long quotations, theorems, propositions, special remarks, etc. These should be set off from the surrounding text by additional space above and below. Don't "widow" or "orphan" text (i.e., ending a page with the first line of a paragraph or beginning a page with the last line of a paragraph). All text should be left-justified (i.e., flush with the left margin—except where indented). Where possible, it should also be right-justified (i.e., flush with the right margin). "Where possible" refers to the quality of the justification. For example, LaTeX and TeX do an excellent job of justifying text. Word does a reasonable job. But some word processors do a lousy job (e.g., they achieve right justification by inserting too much white space within and between words). We prefer flush right margins. However, it is better to have jagged right margins than to have flush right margins with awkward intra- and inter-word spacing. Make your decision on whichever looks best.

Language & Grammar

All submissions must be in English. Except for common foreign words and phrases, the use of foreign words and phrases should be avoided. Authors should use proper, standard English grammar. The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White (now in its fourth edition) is the "standard" guide, but other excellent guides (e.g., The Chicago Manual of Style, University of Chicago Press) exist as well.

Article Length

Because this journal publishes electronically, page limits are not as relevant as they are in the world of print publications. We are happy, therefore, to let authors take advantage of this greater "bandwidth" to include material that they might otherwise have to cut to get into a print journal. This said, authors should exercise some discretion with respect to length.

Colored text

Set the font color to black for the majority of the text. We encourage authors to take advantage of the ability to use color in the production of figures, maps, etc., however, you need to appreciate that this will cause some of your readers problems when they print the document on a black & white printer. For this reason, you are advised to avoid the use of colors in situations where their translation to black and white would render the material illegible or incomprehensible. Please ensure that there are no colored mark-ups or comments in the final version, unless they are meant to be part of the final text. (You may need to "accept all changes" in track changes or set your document to "normal" in final markup.)

Emphasized text

Whenever possible use italics to indicate text you wish to emphasize rather than underlining it. The use of color to emphasize text is discouraged.

Font faces

Except, possibly, where special symbols are needed, use Times or the closest comparable font available. If you desire a second font, for instance for headings, use a sans serif font (e.g., Arial or Computer Modern Sans Serif).

Font size

The main body of text should be set in 12pt. Avoid the use of fonts smaller than 6pt.

Foreign terms

Whenever possible, foreign terms should be set in italics rather than underlined.


Headings (e.g., start of sections) should be distinguished from the main body text by their fonts or by using small caps. Use the same font face for all headings and indicate the hierarchy by reducing the font size. There should be space above and below headings.

Main text

The font for the main body of text must be black and, if at all possible, in Times or closest comparable font available.


Whenever possible, titles of books, movies, etc., should be set in italics rather than underlined.


Footnotes should appear at the bottom of the page on which they are referenced rather than at the end of the paper. Footnotes should be in 10 pt. Times or closest comparable font available, they should be single spaced, and there should be a footnote separator rule (line). Footnote numbers or symbols in the text must follow, rather than precede, punctuation. Excessively long footnotes are probably better handled in an appendix. All footnotes should be left and right-justified (i.e., flush with the right margin), unless this creates awkward spacing.

Tables and Figures

To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text. Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves. Avoid the use of overly small type in tables. In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1.5" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.


Roman letters used in mathematical expressions as variables should be italicized. Roman letters used as part of multi-letter function names should not be italicized. Whenever possible, subscripts and superscripts should be a smaller font size than the main text. Short mathematical expressions should be typed inline. Longer expressions should appear as display math. Also expressions using many different levels (e.g., such as the fractions) should be set as display math. Important definitions or concepts can also be set off as display math. Equations should be numbered sequentially. Whether equation numbers are on the right or left is the choice of the author(s). However, you are expected to be consistent in this. Symbols and notation in unusual fonts should be avoided. This will not only enhance the clarity of the manuscript, but it will also help insure that it displays correctly on the reader's screen and prints correctly on her printer. When proofing your document under PDF pay particular attention to the rendering of the mathematics, especially symbols and notation drawn from other than standard fonts.