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Maddison Murphy

Document Type

Restricted CORE Hall of Fame Paper

Publication Date



[Excerpt] All human beings must have one muscle in common, it is in charge of pumping blood throughout the body and it is better known to many as the heart. The heart is arguably one of the most vital organs in the human body, but since it is responsible for so much, it is easily targeted by sickness. Heart disease is the leading cause of death among men and women in the United States. Since this is such a pressing issue within the medical community, there has been extensive research and treatments developed in efforts to lower the percentage of people diagnosed with various cardiac diseases. Although these treatments and research studies have made groundbreaking discoveries, many were not designed with an effort to include or recognize all populations who are affected by heart disease. More specifically, there is a prevalent gender bias present within heart disease treatment and studies. Consequently, women do not have adequate representation and treatment opportunities in the process of diagnosing, evaluating, and studying cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, this is not a minor issue because cardiovascular disease can be fatal, and women’s lives are on the line. This lurking bias has many negative consequences for women such as, lower diagnosis rates, a lower chance of receiving treatment, and an inadequate representation in clinical trials for drugs and treatments for heart disease.