Document Type


Publication Date

January 1993

Journal Title

Journal of Biochemistry




Heparin binding protein-44 (HBP-44) is a heparin binding protein of 44 kDa, found by cDNA cloning using antibodies against teratocarcinoma glycoproteins [Furukawa, T. et al. (1990) J. Biochem. 108, 297-302]. The N-terminal sequence analysis reported in this publication establishes the structure of its mature form. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that HBP-44 was located in the tubular brush border of the kidney. HBP-44 formed a complex with brushin, a high molecular weight (460 kDa) glycoprotein antigen common to the kidney and teratocarcinoma, but not with OR8 antigen, another antigen (350 kDa) of the same category. Brushin was shown to be the mouse counterpart of rat Heymann nephritis antigen, called gp330. The association between HBP-44 and brushin was revealed not only by co-precipitation upon indirect immunoprecipitation, but also by ligand blotting with HBP-44-maltose binding protein fusion protein. Calcium ion stabilized the association. Disulfide bonds in brushin seemed to be necessary for the complex formation, since reductive cleavage of the bonds resulted in failure of the protein to associate with HBP-44 in a ligand blotting experiment. Association of HBP-44 with brushin occurred both in teratocarcinoma cells, in which these molecules are mainly located in extraembryonic endoderm cells, and in the kidney, suggesting that the complex has an unknown common function in the renal tubular brush border and the extraembryonic endoderm.