Introduction. It has been shown that S-adenosylmethionine (S-AMe) stimulates glutathione synthesis and increases cell resistance to the cytotoxic action of free radicals and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of S-adenosylmethionine on the oxidative stress in adipose tissue in a model of fructose-induced obesity. Methods. The study was performed on male Wistar rats divided into 3 groups: control, fructose fed (HFD) (35%, 16 weeks), and HFD + S-AMe (20 mg/kg). We examined the changes in the ratio of retroperitoneal adipose tissue weight / body weight; levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue, and serum levels of GSH and TNF-α. Results. Significant increases in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue, MDA, and serum TNF-α were identified, as well as decreased tissue and serum levels of GSH in rats fed with a high-fructose diet as compared with the control group. In the group fed with HFD and S-AMe, we found significant reduction in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue and decreased levels of MDA and serum TNF-α, as well as increased tissue and serum levels of GSH as compared with the group only on HFD. In conclusion, our results show that fructose-induced obesity causes oxidative stress in hypertrophic visceral adipose tissue. The administration of S-AMe improves the antioxidative protection of adipocytes, and reduces oxidative damage and excessive accumulation of lipids and inflammation.
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Bratoeva, Kameliya Zh; Radanova, Mariya A.; Merdzhanova, Albena V.; and Donev, Ivan S.
"Protective Role of S-Adenosylmethionine Against Fructose-Induced Oxidative Damage in Obesity,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 4
, Article 11.
Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol4/iss2/11