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In the summer of 1951, Dr. Alvin Walcott Rose, professor of sociology at North Carolina College, in a matter of fact and objective manner addressed the following remarks among many others to the Valparaiso University Institute on Human Relations: "The Church is America's most segregated institution. It is, in both the north and the south, more segregated than the public schools, the public library, the theatre or the subway. More than ninety-six percent of American Negroes and whites worship in segregated churches. It is a tragic fact that of all our institutions, the Christian Church should be the most unchristian and that it, on this account, should be responsible for making a mockery of American democracy. This fact is a serious challenge to you."