Document Type

Peer-Review Article



Young red pines, Pinus resinosa Ait., during the first few years after planting in the Lake States, are vulnerable to several injurious agents, including white grubs, the larvae of May beetles, Phyllophaga spp. (Kittredge, 1929; Craighead, 1950). The pesticide aldrin3 has frequently been applied at planting time to protect seedlings from white grubs. More than 12,000 acres of national forest land were treated with aldrin from 1960 to 1967 in the Lake States; almost 10,000 of these were on the Hiawatha National Forest (Fowler, 1973).

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Entomology Commons