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Peer-Review Article



In several accounts (e.g. Wilkinson, 1966a, 1966b, 1969a, 1969b) I have suggested the role of the English apothecary and naturalist James Petiver (ca. 1663-1718) in promoting the first widespread entomological collecting activities in the English seaboard colonies. In his eagerness to obtain natural history objects for his own cabinet, Petiver furnished collecting equipment and directions, as well as frequent "reminders" of his needs, to overseas travelers, emigrating colonists, and settled residents. He built up a considerable correspondence with persons in the American colonies who sent him zoological and botanical specimens, and a good example of his modus operandi is the case of the Reverend Hugh Jones, who became a member of the Petiver's "circle" of friends before his departure for the colony of Maryland.

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