Due to the negative environmental impact and resistance to synthetic insecticides, the development of biological control has increased significantly over the past half century with the potential of plant extracts only recently attracting attention. The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine the potential of Ailanthus altissima extract as a botanical insecticide on adult mosquitoes. Two species of mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus) and a non-target lepidopteran species, Painted Lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui) were treated with A. altissima extract from new, mature, and senesced leaflets using serial dilutions (0, 25, 50, 75, 100%) of extract via two application methods (aerosol and sugar feeding). We found that application method and leaf age had significant effects on mosquito mortality at high concentrations. These findings indicate that while mortality was not significantly high compared to commercial products, there may be potential to use an invasive plant extract as a bio-control tool for mosquito vectors of human disease pathogens.
Wallace, John R.; Wylie, Calen D.; and Wagner, Ryan L.
"Plant extract efficacy on mosquito mortality: preliminary studies on the effect of Ailanthus altissima extract on adult Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 54
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol54/iss1/8