Gill ventilation frequency (GVF) of the mayfly nymph Stenacron interpunctatum (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae) was studied to assess the applicability of a relatively simple, real time video methodology and to assess the potential of GVF rates for use in a chronic assay of sediment pore water. Stenacron interpunctatum nymphs were exposed to pore water samples taken along a transect from the mouth of the Fox River to Sturgeon Bay in the Green Bay area of Lake Michigan. This transect has previously been shown to exhibit several distinct gradients in sediment and water column conditions with distance from the Fox River. The highest GVF value of 6.68 ± 0.27 Hz was observed in pore water from the more polluted area near the Fox River. A lower GVF value of 5.44 ± 0.32 Hz was observed in pore water from the station near Sturgeon Bay and of 4.25 ± 0.27 Hz from the cleaner Lake Michigan station. GVF values exhibited a decreasing trend with relative distance from the mouth of the Fox River (r2 = 0.76).
MacKenzie, Richard A. and Kaster, Jerry L.
"Gill Ventilation Rates of Mayfly Nymphs (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae) as a Biomonitoring Technique,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 34
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol34/iss1/9