Two wheat, Triticum aestivum, cultivars that differed in their ability to tiller were infested by ovipositing Hessian flies, Mayetiola destructor, under similar controlled conditions. Since a larva typically stunts and kills the stem where it feeds and develops, tiller development of fly infested-wheat seedlings is an important plant trait relative to grain yield. 'Monon' tillered more than 'Newton at the 0 infestation level (control). 'Monon' had about the same number of tillers at 0, 1, 2, and 3 puparia (indicative of the number of feeding larvae) per plant; and 'Newton' had fewer tillers at 0 than 1, 2, or 3 puparia per stem. However, tillering of both cultivars was less at 4 or more puparia per stem, perhaps due to the depletion of plant nutrients. In general, for both cultivars there was a decrease in leaf length, number and wet weight as the number of puparia increased per tiller.
Wellso, Stanley G. and Hoxie, Robert P.
"Tillering Response of 'Monon' And 'Newton' Winter Wheats Infested With Biotype L Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Larvae,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist: Vol. 27
, Article 8.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol27/iss4/8