Performance of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, on quaking aspen, Populus tremuloides, is strongly affected by foliar concentrations of phenolic glycosides. Because the microbial insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis is widely used against gypsy moths and has a mode of action similar to that of phenolic glycosIdes, we investigated the combined effects of the two toxins on gypsy moth larvae. The experimental design was a 2 x 2 factorial: two levels (0, +) of phenolicglycosides for each of two levels (0, +) of B. thuringiensis. The toxins were incorporated into artificial diets and bioassayed against first and fourth instars. Bacillus thuringiensis and phenolic glycosides ne~atively and addi· tively affected larval survival, growth and development tImes. Both agents slightly reduced consumption rates. In addition, B. thuringiensis reduced diet digestibility whereas phenolic glycosides decreased the efficiency with which food was converted to biomass. These results suggest that the efficacy of B. thuringiensis applications in aspen forests is likely to be affected by the allelo· chemical composition of foliage.
Arteel, Gavin E. and Lindroth, Richard L.
"Effects of Aspen Phenolic Glycosides on Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Susceptibility to Bacillus Thuringiensis,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 25
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol25/iss4/1