Survival and development of potato leafhopper, Empoasca fabae, nymphs were measured on alfalfa (Medicago sativa), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), and red clover (Trifolium pratense). Survival was not significantly different among host plants (mean = 62%). There was no interaction between sex and host plant for developmental time. Males developed significantly faster than females. Developmental time was fastest on alfalfa, intermediate on trefoil, and slowest on red clover. Plots of alfalfa, trefoil, and red clover were planted to compare the seasonal abundance of the potato leafhopper in the three forages. Nymphs were more abundant in trefoil than in alfalfa and red clover late in July, but no differences occurred on the other sample dates. At their peak, adults were more abundant in alfalfa than in trefoil and red clover.
Peterson, Stephen S.; Wedberg, John L.; and Hogg, David B.
"Survival, Development and Population Dynamics of Empoasca Fabae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) on Three Legume Hosts,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 25
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol25/iss1/2