Document Type

Peer-Review Article



Many solitary bees and wasps construct brood cells in pre-existing natural cavities such as beetle borings or in excavations of pithy stems and twigs like Sambucus and Juglans. Artificial nesting materials are also acceptable and provide a convenient approach to study nest architecture, nesting activity, provisions and parasites. Arti- ficial nesting materials have included bamboo, glass tubes, plastic straws, cuttings of twigs and stems, and trap-nests. However, use of many of these materials have significant drawbacks.

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Entomology Commons