Slow release formulations of acephate and carbofuran encapsulated in pearl corn starch or corn flour granules were applied to the soil at seeding time of potted 'Caldwell' wheat in the laboratory. Dosages of these insecticides were adjusted to a standard of IO kg/ha of a 10"10 granular formulation of carbofuran. The residual action of these insecticide treatments against Rhopalosiphum padi were compared with those obtained with that of carbofuran 150 at corresponding dosages and foliar sprays of solutions of acephate (25"10 EC) at 0.2"10 and carbofuran (4F) at 1.25"10, applied 12 d after seedling emergence. The residual action of carbofuran 150, which controlled R. padi since seedling emergence, lasted 28.5 d. The slow release granular formulations of carbofuran began to provide control (> 50"10 aphid mortality) on days 13.3 and 17.9 after seeding. They controlled the insect until days 31.6 and 35.5 after seeding. The two corresponding granular formulations of acephate began to provide control on days 15.0 and 17.0 after seeding and con trolled the aphids until days 31.5 and 32.8 after seeding. The foliar sprays of acephate and carbofuran provided control for 18.3 and 36.2 d from application, respectively. The slow release granular formulations provided control of R. padi, an important vector of barley yellow dwarf virus, during early. stages of wheat development.
Araya, J. E.; Foster, J. E.; Schreiber, M. M.; and Wing, R. E.
"Residual Action of Slow Release Systemic Insecticides on Rhopalosiphum Padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Wheat,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 23
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol23/iss1/6