Since 1975 in Ohio, there has been an escalation in the number of complaints and inquiries regarding yellowjackets (Vespula and Dolichovespula spp.) to the Ohio pest control operators, the Ohio Cooperative Extension Service (OCES) County Agents and the OCES Entomologists at the Ohio State University. A survey was distributed in May 1985 to both groups in order to determine the pest status of yellowjackets in Ohio. The results of this survey strongly suggest that yelIowjackets in Ohio are largely an "economic pest", with most economic disturbances associated with homeowners, outdoor businesses, and outdoor recreational facilities.
Stein, Kenneth J. and Wrensch, Dana L.
"The Pest Status of Yellowjackets in Ohio (Hymenoptera: Vespidae),"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 21
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol21/iss2/7