Four feeding treatments were used in the laboratory to study the effects of the availability of prey on diurnal behavior and ovarian development of Calosoma calidum. Activity was closely monitored for six weeks. No significant differences were found between male and female behavior patterns. Diurnal beetle activity was found to be inversely related to prey density; in treatments where prey was available, diurnal activity declined during the course of the experiment. At the end of six weeks, dissections of female beetles showed that ovarian development and fat body quantity were dependent upon the number of prey available for consumption.
Jeffords, Michael R. and Case, Laurie J.
"Effect of Prey Density on Diurnal Activity and Ovarian Development in Calosoma Calidum (Coleoptera: Carabidae): Implications for Biological Control of the Gypsy Moth, Lymantria Dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in the Midwest,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 20
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol20/iss2/9