The weights of adult insects are often measured in production and population studies in order to estimate such variables as growth rates, food conversion efficiencies, fecundity, and others. For the eastern spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens), both pupal fresh weights and pupal case diameters have been measured as indicators of adult fecundity and adult dry weights (Miller 1957). However, there are no reports explicitly showing the relationship between these metric pupal variables and adult dry weights. This is the goal of this note.
Mattson, W. J.; Koller, C. N.; and Slocum, S. S.
"Adult Female Spruce Bedworm, Choristoneura Fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), Dry Weight in Relationship to Pupal Fresh Weight and Case Diameter,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 15
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol15/iss3/8