Lygaeus kalmii Stal (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) is an insect found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. There is extensive taxonomic literature on this insect (Stil, 1874; Townsend, 1887; Parshey, 1919, 1923; Slater and Knopf, 1969), but very little attention has been given to the rest of its biology. This study describes the habits of kalmii populations in southern Michigan.
"Observations of the Habits of Lygaeus Kalmii Angustomarginatus (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) in Southern Michigan,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist, vol 12
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol12/iss1/6