The Arthur J. Yates collection of Michigan Lepidoptera, recently donated to Michigan State University (see Fischer, 1967), contained a striking melanic male cabbage butterfly [Pieris rapae (Linnaeus)] (Figs. 1, 2) now incorporated into the MSU series. Yates collected the specimen on 29 May 1934 in Roseville, Macomb County, near the western shore of Lake St. Clair in southeastern Michigan. An examination of the androconia and genitalia, using the characters described by Chang (1963), assured proper identification of the specimen. Although we have found no record of a similar rapae taken in North America, there are some named European forms of various species of Pieris that resemble our specimen.
Donahue, Julian P. and Nielsen, M. C.
"A Melanic Pieris Rapae from Michigan (Lepidoptera: Pierdae),"
The Great Lakes Entomologist: Vol. 1
, Article 1.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol1/iss4/1