[excerpt] In 1960 the author described three fundamental patterns of feed- ing in Orthoptera and their allies and emphasized the close correlation that exists between the insects' mouthpart structure, food, and feeding pattern. An article by Anderson (1964) made reference to these described patterns and discussed possible modifications of them. To the author's knowledge these are the only reports available that make other than casual mention of the characteristic damage by Orthoptera to food plants. Numerous other papers include figures that depict orthopteran damage, and still others verbally describe the damage inflicted by various economically important species. In all these reports at least one basic consideration has been all but ignored: the possible relationships between mandibular form, pattern of use, and the resulting damage to food plants.
Gangwere, S. K.
"Relationships between the Mandibles, Feeding Behavior, and Damage Inflicted on Plants by the Feeding of Certain Acridids (Orthoptera),"
The Great Lakes Entomologist: Vol. 1
, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol1/iss1/3