Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies
Objective: The aim of this research is to discover the effect of compression therapy on the healing and prevention of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) in patients diagnosed with Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI). Methods: Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, and PubMed were utilized to secure 14 scholarly articles and journals for this research, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Studies were included that focused on adult patients with CVI and evidence of VLUS utilizing compression therapy. Studies including pediatric, pregnant, post-operative, and with focus on post-thrombotic syndrome patients were excluded. Reduction in ulcer size and healing time were among the endpoints used to determine success of compression therapy, Results: Research has shown with moderate-high certainty that compression therapy promotes healing of VLUs. In regard to prevention, noncompliance with compression therapy led to downgraded quality of evidence to support its use. Conclusion: Compression therapy proved effective in promoting venous ulcer healing, but it is not certain which form of compression therapy is best for healing purposes. Data shows promise that compression therapy could have a positive impact on prevention of recurrence, but more research is necessary to definitively make this conclusion.
Keywords: chronic venous insufficiency, venous leg ulcers, compression therapy, prevention, healing
Thomas, Jenna, "Compression Therapy in the Healing and Prevention of Venous Ulcers" (2023). Summer Interdisciplinary Research Symposium. 150.