Document Type

Research Project


Secondary Education


Completion Date



"The purpose of the study was to investigate how the time of day affects the ability of students to focus and remain attentive in the math classroom and the level of engagement during the class period. The math classes that were included in this study included Honors Algebra 2, Precalculus, and Algebra 1. These classes had students from grades 9 through 12. The study took place over the course of three months. Students were asked to fill out a survey about how the time of day affects their own attention level and their own sense of engagement and observations of the teacher were recorded daily. The research showed that students and teachers feel as if the time of day greatly affects students' ability to concentrate and the 'Time to Learn' seems to be in the mid-morning.'

Biographical Sketch

Caleb Grim is finishing up his last year at Valparaiso University. Having always enjoyed working with numbers, Caleb finally decided to turn it into a career. Caleb also really enjoys sports and hopes to one day coach wherever he ends up teaching. Caleb is engaged to the beautiful Abbey Meyer and they plan on getting married sometime next fall.

Research Question(s)

How does the time of day affect a student's ability to concentrate and remain engaged in classroom activities?

Included in

Education Commons