Measurement of Angular Distributions of Drell-Yan Dimuons in p Plus p Interactions at 800 GeV/c

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We report a measurement of the angular distributions of Drell-Yan dimuons produced using an 800 GeV/c proton beam on a hydrogen target. The polar and azimuthal angular distribution parameters have been extracted over the kinematic range 4.5 < m(mu mu)< 15 GeV/c(2) (excluding the Upsilon resonance region), 0 < p(T)< 4 GeV/c, and 0 < x(F)< 0.8. The p+p angular distributions are similar to those of p+d, and both data sets are compared with models which attribute the cos2 phi distribution either to the presence of the transverse-momentum-dependent Boer-Mulders structure function h(1)(perpendicular to) or to QCD effects. The data indicate the need to include QCD effects before reliable information on the Boer-Mulders function can be extracted. The validity of the Lam-Tung relation in p+p Drell-Yan data is also tested.