Bibliography of scholarly and popular science research on Tolkien’s various animal species includes more than 100 English-language entries from literary, mythological, cultural, historical, philological, psychological, religious, and scientific perspectives. Includes entries on animal sentience/personhood, general surveys of animals, and analysis of specific species: bats, bears (including Beorn), birds, cats, cryptids, deer, dogs (including wolves and foxes), dragons, elephants, horses, sea-life, and spiders.
"Tolkien’s Animals: A Bibliography,"
Journal of Tolkien Research: Vol. 17:
2, Article 8.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/journaloftolkienresearch/vol17/iss2/8