An abridged version of this paper was presented at the 2019 International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University. It is the first of three related conference papers focusing on cosmological themes in Tolkien’s works.
"Cynewulf, Copernicus, and Conjunctions: The Problems of Cytherean Motions in Tolkien’s Cosmology,"
Journal of Tolkien Research: Vol. 13:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/journaloftolkienresearch/vol13/iss1/2