The incidence of rheumatic fever (RF) has markedly decreased in Europe since the beginning of the 20th century due to improved living conditions, early antibiotic therapy in streptococcal pharyngitis, and changes in serotypes of circulating streptococci. Isolated outbreaks of RF are still found in various parts of the world and the disease has changed its presentation with milder joint symptoms and subclinical carditis that make the correct diagnosis more difficult. Patients can present many years later with severe valve disease and significant disability. This article presents a case of isolated rheumatic tricuspid valve disease that presented with signs and symptoms of right heart failure and severe valve damage. Isolated involvement of the tricuspid valve is rarely found in rheumatic fever and a thorough differential diagnosis is needed.
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Mustafa, Edme R.; Istrătoaie, Octavian; Mandia, Roxana; Târtea, Georgică C.; and Florescu, Cristina
"How rare is isolated rheumatic tricuspid valve disease?,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences: Vol. 7
, Article 21.
Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol7/iss1/21