Project Title

Assessing the Impact of CSR Policy and Practice on Education of Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Indonesia

Date of Award


Degree Type



International Commerce & Policy

First Advisor

Gregory Stinson

Second Advisor

Charles Schaefer


Indonesia was one of the first countries to implement the mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) approach. This law requires corporations to allocate part of their budget toward funding for CSR programs. When implementing CSR programs, many Indonesian corporations focus on education. This research assesses how this policy has affected education, particularly for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) who are cared for at childcare institutions. These childcare institutions include orphanages (panti) and halfway houses (rumah singgah) that provides a temporary shelter for street children. This research examines the role of the Government of Indonesia (GOI) and corporations in implementing this mandatory CSR. This thesis focuses on two main questions: How was this policy interpreted and practiced in Indonesia? How did CSR practices affect the education of OVC?

A qualitative approach was adopted, where in-depth interviews were used to collect primary data. The relevant CSR laws, government regulations, and ministerial decrees on education as well as related to the well-being of OVC were analyzed. Research participants included eight orphanages, one Halfway House, and one corporation in Jakarta. Interviews with the Head of Orphanage Residence and/or managers from these organizations provided an understanding of how the mandatory CSR policies and practices impact the education of OVC.