Date of Award
Evidence-Based Project Report
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Julie M. Brandy
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States (US). In 2013, approximately 6% of 19 to 26-year-old males had received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine (Richman, Maddy, Torres, & Goldberg, 2016). Currently there is no known cure for HPV, however a prophylactic vaccination provides an efficacious method for protection against HPV related diseases. The purpose of the evidence-based project was to provide a HPV educational intervention to collegiate males and examine the effects of HPV knowledge, intention to vaccinate, and receipt of vaccination. The Health Belief Model was selected to provide the theoretical framework and guidance for this project. The Stetler Model was used as the basis for the implementation of the project. The project took place at a Midwestern private university and utilized a longitudinal pre-test and post-test design. Fraternity members were followed to assess the impact of the HPV educational intervention. The intervention consisted of a slide show presentation guided by the CDC, group discussion, and CDC based informational take-home material. HPV and HPV related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Questionnaire was administered pre-intervention and one month post-intervention to measure HPV knowledge, intent to receive the HPV vaccine, and receipt of the HPV vaccine. Data was analyzed using SPSS 24.0. Knowledge was assessed using a paired samples t- test with significance determined as p < .05. Statistical analyses revealed a significant increase in knowledge scores from pre-test to post-test (t(84)=--5.76, p < 0.001). Intent to vaccinate and uptake were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Of the 155 post-test participants, 35 (17.1%) participants responded that they intended to receive the HPV vaccine. Of the 106 participants that had not been vaccinated against HPV, 38 (19.4%) had received the first dose of the HPV vaccine. Overall, results of this EBP demonstrated that a HPV educational intervention increased knowledge and vaccine uptake in collegiate males.
Knudtson, Mary A., "The Effects of a HPV Educational Intervention Aimed at Collegiate Males on Knowledge, Vaccine Intention, and Uptake" (2017). Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports. 100.