The Impact of Ice Versus Ischemic Compression on Muscle Recovery Post Resistance Training

Faculty Sponsor

Kelly Helm


Arts and Sciences


Exercise Science

ORCID Identifier(s)


Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Symposium Date

Spring 5-3-2019


The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of ice, compression, and no modality on the outcome of muscle recovery post resistance training. The question to be answered was “will ice, compression, and no modality produce different outcomes on exercise induced muscle soreness?”. The hypothesis was that ice therapy would yield a better result in muscle recovery than compression and no modality. The null hypothesis was that no significant difference in recovery method would be found between the ice and compression group. Twelve participants (M=12, ages 18-22) from a Northwestern Indiana university participated in this study. Participants first identified their initial subjective muscle soreness of their non-dominant biceps brachii by circling their rating on a Likert Scale from 0-5 (0=no soreness, 5=extreme soreness). One repetition maximum resistance was determined for the participants non-dominant arm. To induce muscle soreness participants completed a resistance training workout of seated bicep curls. Four sets of bicep curls were performed for two minutes or until maximal fatigue with a two minute rest between sets. Immediately after training, participants applied the recovery modality. Participants identified their subjective soreness 24 and 48 hours post training and tested their bicep curl max weight 24 hours post training. Data was analyzed through single factor ANOVA. No significant differences in any of the assessments were found between groups. Twenty-four-hour soreness was not significant (P = 1, F = 0), 48 hours was not significant (P = .81, F = .21), nor was percent of maximum curl weight maintained 24 hours post resistance training (P = .75, F = .29). The null hypothesis that there was no difference in muscle recovery between ice, compression, and control groups was accepted. The author concluded that ice and compression did not differ significantly in their effect on recovery. Further research should be performed with a larger sample size.

Biographical Information about Author(s)

Brian Pecyna is a senior exercise science major, human biology and communications minor. He is currently a member on the varsity tennis team. Brian is interested in all facets of health, fitness, and athletic performance. He will be continuing his academic and athletic career at Valparaiso University in the fall of ’19 enrolling in the MBA graduate program while competing on the tennis team.

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