Comparison Between College Students and Community Dwelling Seniors in 30-second Chair Stand Test Performance

Faculty Sponsor

Kelly Helm


Arts and Sciences


Department of Kinesiology, Exercise Science

ORCID Identifier(s)

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Symposium Date

Spring 5-3-2018


The objective of this study was to compare the mean score on the 30-second Chair Stand Test (30s CST) of college students to the normative data of community dwelling seniors. The questions to be answered were “What is the mean score on the 30s CST for college students?” and “How does the mean score of college students on the 30s CST compare to the mean scores of community dwellers?” One hundred and twenty-four participants (F=53, M=71, ages 18-24) from a Northwest Indiana university participated in this study by completing the 30s CST. The participants were instructed to stand up as many times as possible in 30 seconds using proper form: arms crossed on chest, feet shoulder width apart, fully extending the knees when standing, and fully resting on the chair when sitting. Mean scores by gender, activity level, and college were calculated. The mean scores for female and male college students (F=15.7, M=16.6) were slightly greater than the mean scores of 60-64 year olds (F=14.5, M=16.4), at 1.2 and 0.2, respectively. The mean scores of college students were noticeably greater than 90-94 year olds (F=8.0, M=9.7), at 7.7 and 6.9, respectively. The researcher concluded little difference exists between college students and 60-64 year old community dwelling seniors in mean 30s CST scores. The efficacy of the 30s CST is more suited to elderly populations, and is neither efficient nor accurate in assessing leg strength in college students.

Biographical Information about Author(s)

Taylor Swanson is an exercise science major currently working with the geriatric population and is interested in fall prediction and prevention. Taylor will be attending St. Ambrose University this fall to earn her Doctor of Physical Therapy and plans to work with the geriatric population as a physical therapist.

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