Faculty Sponsor

Terry Kessler




Health Sciences Physician Assistant Program

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Symposium Date

Spring 5-3-2018


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the single most common cause of death around the world, with an increasing number of people living with coronary heart disease (CHD) (Anderson et al., 2016). Smoking and tobacco use are major risk factors for CVD and are the leading preventable causes of death globally. The chance of developing CVD is reversible and the elimination of tobacco use after a heart attack can reduce an individual's risk of CVD mortality by 36% over two years (Rigotti & Clari, 2013). Smoking cessation is the central element of primary and secondary prevention strategies. Primary interventions can include aspirin and statin therapy, while secondary preventions include, but are not limited to, exercise-based rehabilitation and psychosocial interventions. The purpose of this project is to determine whether primary or secondary interventions are more effective in reducing the risk of developing CVD. To answer the clinical question, a thorough review of the literature was organized in the databases, Cochrane Library, National Guideline Clearinghouse, CINAHL, and PubMed Clinical Queries. The search yielded relevant sources of evidence which met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Evidence included systematic reviews and randomized control trials. The findings regarding the best interventions to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease will be presented. These findings will assist healthcare providers in implementing the best quality of care to their patients.

Biographical Information about Author(s)

Dwight Moline, Audrey Corn, Michael Bohney, and myself, Anastacia Mesina are all third year students in the Physician's Assistant Program. We will all graduate in May and begin our graduate program in August 2018. We selected Cardiovascular Disease specifically looking at primary and secondary prevention strategies. We chose this topic because CVD is an ongoing issue within the medical field where awareness and education must be addressed. We hope to further the knowledge and insight of our fellow classmates on the topic of CVD.