Title

Muscle Activation and Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) Performance in D1 Swimmers

Faculty Sponsor

Kelly Helm

College

Arts and Sciences

Department/Program

Kinesiology

ORCID Identifier(s)

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2093-069X

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Symposium Date

Spring 5-3-2018

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if significant activation differences exist in right and left gluteal muscles of Division I swimmers while performing the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) jump. The questions to be answered were, “Is there a significant difference between the right and left gluteal muscle activation in Division I swimmers?” and “Is there a significant difference between the right and left gluteal muscle activation between male and female Division I swimmers?” A total of 10 swimmers (M=6; F=4) participated. Each participant performed a prescreening FMS and LESS assessment. For the LESS, researchers attached surface electrodes to the gluteus medius and gluteus maximus of each participant. Participants performed three countermovement LESS jumps. Electromyograms (EMG) of each countermovement jump were recorded with Delsys™ and analyzed using EMGworks®. Data analysis consisted of normalizing the root mean square (RMS) of the three trials to the peak RMS. Independent samples t-tests were revealed no differences between right and left gluteus medius’ and no differences between right and left gluteus maximus’ in male and female swimmers. No significance differences were found in gluteal muscle activations between male and female swimmers. Researcher concludes that in healthy swimmers with good functional movement, gluteal muscle activation seems very similar when performing the LESS movement.

Biographical Information about Author(s)

Selena Gonzalez is an Exercise Science major with a Human Biology and Psychology minor.

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