Relationship Between Functional Movement Squat and Muscle Activation in D1 Swimmers

Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Kelly Hem


Arts and Sciences



ORCID Identifier(s)


Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Symposium Date

Spring 4-23-2016


The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between a functional movement squat and muscle activation in 22 DI swimmers (male=11, female=11). The question to be answered was “Do all swimmers produce similar electromyographical (EMG) patterns in their lower limbs, while performing a functional movement squat?” The swimmers’ squats were all assessed through Functional Movement Screening (FMS) protocol where scores for the squat range from 0 to 3. A score of 3, is a perfect squat, and 0 indicates the presence of pain and poor ability to performance. Electrodes were attached to right and left, gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, biceps femoris, and mid and lateral heads of the gastrocnemius in order for muscle activation to be measured. Swimmers completed three functional movement squats with a 10-15 s. rest between trials. The EMG for each movement was recorded separately for analysis. Currently the EMG data is being analyzed. Once the patterns for each muscle, squat, leg, and swimmer is analyzed, a metric will be assigned and correlated to each FMS score to see if any relationship exists between FMS squat performance rankings and muscle activation.

Biographical Information about Author(s)

Pedram Etebari is an exercise science major from Iran who is minoring in human biology. Pedram would like to eventually attend graduate school for exercise physiology.

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