Undergraduate College Students’ Smoking Behaviors within a Smoke-Free Campus
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
College years are crucial for young adults in the establishment of lifestyle behaviors that can have a lifetime effect (Staten & Ridner, 2007). The purpose of this project was to assess undergraduate college students’ smoking behaviors within a smoke-free campus. The Transtheoretical Model (Prochaska & DiClemente, 1983) provided the behavioral change framework. An on-line cross-sectional survey was used to collect data. Surveys were emailed via Zoomerang® and Survey Monkey® to all undergraduate students at Valparaiso University. Survey questions contained 56 forced-choice or open-ended options. Data were collected consecutively over three fall and spring semesters. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A total of 972 fall freshman and 2,493 spring undergraduates responded, yielding a 32.9% total response rate. Subjects were predominantly female (59%) and white (85%). A total of 14% (n =526) indicated they smoked during the previous 30 days, but only 24% (n =126) of these smokers identified themselves as a “current smoker.” Students who smoked in the last 30 days were significantly more likely to have friends who smoked (X2 = 14.898, p < .001) and be exposed to other smokers (X2 = 12.921, p < .001). The research team implemented a mass media intervention to promote a smoke-free campus. The highest rates of media exposure came from freshman orientation (46.4%), signage on campus (25%), and resident assistants (24%). However, the reported rate of smoking did not decline significantly (p > .05). Data from this study adds to the growing body of evidence about college students’ smoking behaviors.
DeYoung, Haley and Eggert, Megan, "Undergraduate College Students’ Smoking Behaviors within a Smoke-Free Campus" (2016). Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE). 545.