This presentation will show the results of a comprehensive review of the literature and a cross-cultural comparison of law-enforcement related stress in the United States and the United Kingdom. In the formation of this comparison, we will obtain a better understanding of law enforcement exposure to stress and its effects. By comparing the stress experienced by law enforcement officers in these seemingly similar countries, we conceptualize the potential causes of these similarities and differences. More specifically, the organization/structure of law enforcement, support networks, community conditions, and the police subculture in these countries will be analyzed. This analysis will show that U.S. officers appear more likely to exhibit negative effects of stress as a result of avoidant coping strategies, while U.K. officers appear more likely to exhibit negative effects of stress but can cope more easily because of problem-focused coping strategies. A systematic comparison serves to inform our policy recommendations related to stress response and preventative strategies for law enforcement. We recommend that the U.S. needs to adopt programs that emphasize healthier coping models and that the U.K. should focus on emotional aspects of coping for their law enforcement officers.
Buckman, Holly and Zelechoski, Amanda, "Keep Calm and Carry On: An International Comparison of Stress in Law Enforcement" (2013). Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE). 243.