Polarization within Democratic Institutions

Level of Education of Students Involved


Faculty Sponsor

James Old


Arts and Sciences


Political Science

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Symposium Date

Spring 4-27-2023


Research on how polarization contributes to distrust from citizens to their government. There has been a significant increase since the early 2000s about the polarization between political parties and how it instigates distrust between citizens and government. These differences are especially prominent in the United States but other countries, such as France, the United Kingdom, and Germany have seen an increase in conservative, right winged parties and political leaders as well. This article contributes to the knowledge of why trust is important to functioning democracies and what affects that trust. Specifically, if trust is affected by the type of government institution and the difference between trust in parliamentary and presidential democracies.

Biographical Information about Author(s)

This is my Senior Seminar research project for my International Relations major. I am a double major in French and am especially interested in polarization in the world and the various causes behind it. I became interested in this topic in high school and have gotten to explore it throughout my political science classes here at Valpo.

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