Freshman Seminar Essay
Etty Hillesum's unusual spirituality is based on the teachings of Julius Spier and flourishes as a direct result of his influence on her. Spier, a psycho-chirologist, first becomes acquainted with Etty when he sees her on a professional basis to provide therapy. Their professional relationship eventually transforms into a personal one when Etty and Spier become lovers. Spier's teachings stress the necessity of prayer, the belief that body and soul are one, and the importance of loving all mankind.
Armstrong, Suzanne, "An Intense Spirituality (1991)" (1991). The Valpo Core Reader. 380.