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Document Type

Peer-Review Article

Abstract

Saperda inornata Say and Oberea schaumii LeConte are cerambycids that inhabit the stems of trembling aspen, Populus tremuloides Michaux, root suckers and the twigs of larger trees. The biologies of those species in northern Wisconsin and Upper Michigan were reported by Nord et al. (1972a and 1972b). S. inornata oviposits on the cambium under horseshoe- or shield-shaped egg niches gnawed in the outer bark by the female. The term "egg niche," connotes an oviposition place prepared by the female using the mandibles and ovipositor (Linsley 1959). There are usually 2 or 3 egg niches at one level on the stem or twig, and a globose gall consisting of callus tissue forms there. The larvae feed in the cambial and callus tissue around the gall and require 1 or 2 years to complete development. The 0. schaurnii female gnaws an elongate, rectangular egg niche in the outer bark and deposits an egg on the cambium beneath it. The larva bores downward from the egg niche in the wood. Most individuals require 3 years to complete the life cycle; but some take only 2 years, while others take 4 years. A survey designed to determine the importance of the egg niches and galleries of S. inornata and 0. schaumii as infection courts of Hypoxylon pruinatum (Klotzsche) Cke. in large trembling aspen was begun in 1962 in Iron and Ontonogan Counties, Michigan. The data from that survey indicated that abundance of borers might be correlated with the site quality of the stand. Therefore in 1963 the survey was redesigned to detect differences in abundance between stands of different site quality. Since the redesign concerned only the selection of stands, not the sampling procedures used within the stand, most of the trees sampled in 1962 were incorporated into the redesigned survey. The data collected in conjuction with the survey also make possible conclusions regarding the distribution of borer galleries within the crowns of large trees. Those results and a discussion of competition between S. inornata and 0. schaurnii are given in another paper (Nord and Knight, 1972a). The incidence of H. pruinatum in the galleries was reported by Nord and Knight (1972b).

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