Chymomyza amoena is the only chymomyzid fly emerging from white oak acorns in Virginia. An average of 2-3 adult flies emerged from a single acorn in July while emergence declined to 0.4 adults/acorns in September. In fall, Drosophila melanogaster was also present. The incidence of drosophilid (Drosophila, Chymomyza) larvae in parasitized acorns in Virginia (400/0) in autumn was significantly greater than in Michigan (14%). The Chymomyza larvae present in the parasitized acorns in Michigan most likely were C. amoena, from the known adaptation of this species in Michigan to frass-breeding.
Band, Henretta Trent
"Acorns as Breeding Sites for Chymomyza Amoena (Loew) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Virginia and Michigan,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist: Vol. 24
, Article 7.
Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol24/iss1/7