Newly hatched Melanoplus femurrubrum (DeGeer) were evaluated for survival without food under various moisture, temperature, and light conditions. Although nymphs survived up to 113 h without food, they required food 48-W h after hatching to ensure continued survival and growth. Olfactory food detection was very limited and feeding tended to occur on the first suitable food encountered. Food covered with a ftlm of water and held within several millimetres of the palpi evoked palpal vibrations followed by antennal movements. The evidence suggests that hygroreceptors occur on the pa\pi and pa\pa\ stimulation is necessary before antennal olfaction occurs.
Bland, R. G.
"Survival and Food Detection by First-Instar Melanoplus Femurrubrum (Orthoptera: Acrididae),"
The Great Lakes Entomologist: Vol. 14
, Article 7.
Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol14/iss4/7